Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease, the main manifestation are spontaneous, short, rarely occurring seizures. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases.
Most often epilepsy is congenital in nature, so the first symptoms appear in childhood (5-10 years) and adolescent (12-18 years of age). In this case, damage of brain substance, are not defined, only changed the electrical activity of nerve cells, and lowered the threshold of excitability of the brain. Such epilepsy is called primary (idiopathic), flows are benign, respond well to treatment, and the patient may completely abandon taking pills.
Another type of epilepsy is secondary (symptomatic), it develops after damage to brain structures or metabolic disorders in it is the result of a whole series of pathological effects (underdevelopment of the structures of the brain, traumatic brain injury, infections, strokes, tumors, alcohol and drug dependence, etc.). Such forms of epilepsy can develop at any age and more difficult to cure. But sometimes the possibility of complete recovery, if you can cope with the underlying disease.
— epilepsy: complex or simple partial seizures with secondary generalization or without it; generalized tonic-clonic seizures; mixed forms of epileptic seizures (Tegretol can be used both as monotherapy and in combination therapy; Tegretol usually ineffective at small seizures /petit mal, absence seizure/ myoclonus and seizures);
— acute mania and maintenance therapy of bipolar affective disorders to prevent relapses and attenuation of clinical manifestations of exacerbation;
— alcohol withdrawal syndrome;
— idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia and trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis (typical and atypical); idiopathic neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal nerve;
diabetic neuropathy with pain syndrome;
— diabetes insipidus of Central Genesis; polyuria and polydipsia neurohormonal nature.
— episodes of bone marrow suppression of hematopoiesis or information about acute intermittent porphyria;
--- combination with MAO inhibitors (structural similarities with tricyclic antidepressants). Before prescribing Tegretol, MAO inhibitors should be withdrawn at least 2 weeks, or if clinical situation allows, even for a longer period;
— hypersensitivity to carbamazepine, or similar, in chemical terms medicines (e.g. tricyclic antidepressants) or to other components of the drug.
The drug can be taken during, after meal or between meals with a small amount of liquid.
Retard pills (the whole pill or a half, if so prescribed by a doctor) should be swallowed whole, not liquid, squeezed small amount of liquid. Because the active ingredient released from the tablets retard slowly and gradually, they administered 2 times/day.