Motion Sickness information
Motion sickness, sometimes referred to as kinetosis, is a condition that causes dizziness, nausea, and fatigue. It occurs as a result of mixed signals between the inner ear, where the sense of balance is more or less maintained, and the brain when the body is subjected to constant movement. This condition affects many people when they fly, travel by car, or are on a boat at sea.
While people may experience motion sickness in varying degrees, people who suffer from it when they travel can become so physically debilitated they can not enjoy their trip. Unfortunately, though vomiting is a frequent reaction to the condition, it typically does nothing to relieve the nausea. To help relieve the symptoms, there are a number of things a person can try.
In some situations, focusing on something a great distance away from the mode of transportation will relieve motion sickness. In many situations, such as traveling at night or flying, travelers cannot find a horizon and is therefore ineffective. Some people experience relief by sucking on hard, sugared candies, especially peppermint, which tends to have a soothing effect on the stomach. Other people may experience relief by lowering their head towards their knees and closing their eyes. While mentally trying to soothe the sick feeling may help some people, many people can not relieve it on their own.
Pharmaceutical aids, such as Dramamine and Bonine, are available over the counter to sufferers. There are also medication patches available by prescription that provide longer-lasting relief than over-the-counter medications. This can be helpful for long trips, especially cruises. Many people find that medication is the only thing that works, but side effects such as drowsiness and dry mouth are common. Some research has shown that ginger root is helpful in relieving motion sickness and does not cause the aforementioned side effects.
Suffering from motion sickness can make a trip miserable. If you know you suffer from it, don’t put off a well-deserved vacation for fear of suffering. Talk to a medical professional about medications and other methods of relieving nausea. Any combination of treatments may work for you and allow you to enjoy your trip symptom free.
There are several different types of anti-nausea medications, which are often referred to as antiemetics. They are divided into groups, and each group has a slightly different method of relieving nausea. Some work to block the receptors in the stomach, others block the signal in the brain, and still others help to empty the bowels. The medications are available in pills, capsules, liquids, injections or a suppository.
People who are suffering from morning sickness, motion sickness or night nausea can find relief with anti-nausea medications. Not only do they help to relieve nausea, the sedating effect of some drugs can also help individuals to fall asleep sooner. Others are helpful in reducing the nausea caused by bowel obstructions and other digestive problems. Cancer tumors and other diseases might also contribute to nausea, which can be treated with anti-nausea medications.
The most common type of anti-nausea medications are the 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, also known as serotonin blockers. These help to block the serotonin receptors in the stomach that send the vomiting signal to the brain. They are particularly helpful for stopping nausea in patients who have had surgery or are on cytotoxic drugs. Cytotoxic drugs have a toxic effect on the body and are often used in chemotherapy treatment.
Dopamine antagonists block the vomit area in the brain. They can help to stop nausea that results from radiation, cytotoxic drugs, anesthetics and certain painkillers such as opioids. Anti-nausea medications that help the stomach empty its contents are beneficial when the nausea is caused by digestive problems, because they can help solve the root of the problem. Nausea that results from motion sickness, vertigo or morning sickness caused by pregnancy, might be helped by antihistamine antiemetics. Cannabis, also known as medicinal marijuana, might be used in severe cases when other anti-nausea medications do not work.
These medications are available in different forms to help individuals who have different needs. For example, in a severe case of nausea, swallowing a pill may not be feasible for the patient. Thus a pill that can be absorbed into the bloodstream from under the tongue, an injection or a suppository will help to make it easier on the patient. There are several anti-nausea medications that can be purchased without a prescription, but others cannot be obtained unless prescribed by a medical professional. Side effects of anti-nausea medications include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, cramps, headaches, fatigue, drowsiness and dry mouth.